Bioscal is a combination of essential dietary macro-minerals (Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium and Sulphur) for Dairy animals.
The productive animal needs mineral supply through diet as they cannot synthesize them in the body. The Macro Minerals like Calcium, Phosphorous, Potassium, Magnesium, Sulphur, Sodium are required by the animal body relatively higher as cow and buffalo lose most of these minerals through the milk, and also these minerals are needed for various physiological functions. Bioscal contains a highly soluble form of these minerals than conventional mineral sources.
A specific combination of these minerals makes it more bioavailable.
There is a need to re-evaluate the requirement of Macro- Minerals in dairy animal’s diet as loss of minerals per litre of milk is very high.
Name of Mineral Loss in one litre of milk
- Calcium 1.2 gm
- Phosphorous 0.70 gm
- Magnesium 100 mg
- Potassium 1.7 gm
- Sodium 0.5 gm
- Sulphur 0.3 gm
The various physiological roles of the Macrominerals in Bioscal
- It is a structural component of bones and teeth. Over 98% of Ca present in the body is found in bone.
- It is also important in muscle contraction (this can be the main reason cows suffering from milk fever go down).
- Also plays a role in blood clotting and nerve impulse transmission.
- It is a structural component of bones and teeth. Bones and teeth contain the vast majority of P present in the body (approx. 85%).
- Important in cellular energy utilization and energy transfer.
- It is a vital component of cell membranes because of its structural role in phospholipid formation.
- Functions in the acid-base balance (buffer) and is also a constituent of DNA and RNA.
- Potassium is the third most abundant mineral element in the body. Potassium is involved in osmotic pressure and acid-base regulation, water balance, nerve impulse transmission, muscle contraction, oxygen and carbon dioxide transport
- Sodium takes part in water balance and acts as extracellular cations. 30-50 % of total body sodium is in a non-exchangeable fraction in the crystalline structure of bone.
Magnesium (Mg )
- It is a structural component of bone.
- Activates enzymes.
- Helps maintain cell membrane potentials and is involved in nerve impulse transmission.
Sulphur is found in the amino acids methionine, cysteine(cysteine), homocysteine and taurine, chondroitin sulphate of cartilage, and B Vitamins thiamine and biotin. The sulphur’s dietary requirement for the cow is primarily to provide adequate substrate to ensure maximal microbial protein synthesis.